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Pomeranian Breed Information

Pomeranian dogs are as calm, cuddly, and affectionate as they are active, playful, and independent. Ranked as one of the most popular breeds in the United States for over 30 years, the Pom merits its fame to its big heart, agile mindset, and colorful personality. The Pom is a tiny toy dog with an average height between 8 to 11 inches and an average weight between 4 to 7 pounds. It has a fox-like appearance that charms on sight and a personality that is ideal for any type of owner. These dogs are loyal and very loving of their humans. They love cuddles and games and are big fans of family adventures.

BREED TYPE / MIX Purebred ENERGY Moderate SHEDDING Regularly TRAINING Responsive TEMPERAMENT Alert, Cheerful, Friendly, Intelligent, Playful ADULT WEIGHT 4-7 lbs ADULT HEIGHT 8-11 in LIFE SPAN 12-16 yrs

Pomeranian Characteristics

  • The Pomeranians have friendly, extroverted personalities. They are great dogs for children of all ages. They are also well-behaved around other pets, cats, and strangers
  • Receptive to human emotions, they make excellent therapy dogs
  • Poms are clever, easy to train, loving, and lovable and they make great companions for first-time pet owners
  • Their small size and adoring personalities make them one of the best apartment dogs
  • Independent and confident, these small dogs are well suited for people with busy schedules and for seniors as well as for families with or without children and for singles
  • Vigilant, protective, and fearless, the Pomeranian (the Pom or Pom-Pom) makes an excellent guard dog
  • Adorable and sweet in appearance, with a sharp and agile mind, these cute pooches are great for canine beauty and agility contests 

Pomeranian Breeders

WATCH VIDEO of our Breeder Care

Like people, the most critical moments in a puppy's life starts in the beginning. It truly takes a special breeder to assist with nourishing and raising a Pomeranian puppy properly. Only the nation's top Pomeranian breeders can provide the best quality of life. Here at Premier Pups, we work hand-in-hand with our breeders. Providing a safe, natural, comfortable, and healthy environment for the nursing mother and her baby is essential.

The footage produced in our videos is 100% authentic. We directly take un-staged, unedited, and actual scenes from our breeder locations. We only align ourselves with Pomeranian breeders whose standards are much higher than the rest. Here at Premier Pups, we work hand-in-hand with our breeders. We spend consistent on-site time with our selected breeders and can undoubtedly say that our puppies come from a caring environment.

Pomeranian Appearance

The Pomeranian is a fluffy toy-sized dog that measures 8 to 11 inches tall and weighs between 4 to 7 pounds fully grown, with the female being a tad smaller. Their weight can vary depending on their diet and exercise routine.  

It has a compact but sturdy body, a foxlike face, sparkly dark almond-shaped eyes, tiny raised ears, a short muzzle, and a small nose that can either be dark or match the color of the coat. The tail is long and puffy and it curls over the back.  

The coat is thick, long, and straight, and can have a variety of patterns and markings. The fluffy thick fur comes in a myriad of colors that include red, orange, white, cream, blue, brown, black, black and tan, wolf sable, brindle, or various color combinations.  

The most sought-after Pomeranian colors are: 

  • White
  • Black
  • Black and white
  • Black and tan
  • Orange

The Pomeranian puppies are so small they fit in a cup with plenty of room to spare. Tiny dogs like the Mini, Teacup, and Micro, are the smallest members of the Pom pack. They retain their tiny puppy-like size when fully grown, often resembling a standard Pom puppy. Both the Mini and the Teacup are very rare even as they have become the most popular puppies in the United States.  

Pomeranian Temperament

These dogs are highly intelligent and loyal. Their adventurous nature and animated personalities have made them one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. Affectionate, lively, and not overly dependent, these dogs are well suited for families with busy schedules and seniors, as well as for families with or without children and singles. 

The Pomeranian pups are clever, fast learners with curious minds and sharp intelligence. They make wonderful companion pets for first-time pet owners. Loving, devoted, highly receptive to human emotions, with a happy demeanor, and a cheerful personality, the Pom dog has the ideal temperament to be an excellent emotional support and therapy dog. These puppies are friendly, cuddly, and playful. They are fantastic with children and other pets, and they love to be in the center of attention where they can entertain. 

Vigilant, fearless, feisty, and confident, with a need-to-know attitude, the Pomeranian makes a great guard and alarm dog. Pom-Pom dogs are also as feisty and fearless as they are adorable and tiny. They have no real awareness of their toy size and will act around an English Mastiff as if they are equals.  


Pomeranian Reviews

All Pomeranian Reviews

Pomeranian Insights

Pomeranian vs Shih Pom Comparison

Tiny dogs with big personalities and a great deal of love to give is what defines Pomeranian dogs and Shih Poms. If you find yourself wanting to choose between the two, you are in for quite a challenge as these dogs are equally precious, cuddly, sweet, and clever. Read on to learn more about what makes them special, what qualities they share, what they love, and how they stand out from one another.  

A puppy’s love is a pure thing and, here at Premier...

All Comparisons to Similar Breeds

Meet the Incredibly Cute Teacup Pomeranian

Eye candy and food for the soul is how we can best describe the adorable teacup Pomeranians. These dogs are beyond cute in their tiny, compact bodies, and they have the cutest personality to match. Fabulous looks aside, there is so much more to this teacup breed than meets the eye. Here is everything you need to know about the Teacup Pomeranian. 

Teacup Pomeranian History 

Pomeranian Ancestors 


All Pomeranian Insights

Pomeranian Care


The Pomeranian has moderate grooming requirements. These dogs have gorgeous long coats that need to be brushed and combed a few times every week in order to avoid hair tangles or matting. It is recommended to wipe their eyes daily and clean their teeth at least once every week. They should be bathed monthly and have their nails clipped every couple of months. 

Hypoallergenic qualities are minimal as these dogs shed seasonally. As such, they are not the best fit for people suffering from pet-related allergies.  

As these dogs became more and more loved in the canine show ring, they have developed a few signature looks and haircuts among which stand out the Teddy Bear Cut, Lion Cut, and the Pomeranian with short hair style. 

Learn How to Groom Your Dog at Home


Exercise Needs

Poms are lively, moderately active, and adventurous puppies. They enjoy long walks, games of fetch, hide-and-seek, and fun activities with their family and canine friends. Due to their small size, these dogs don’t have high exercise needs like a larger dog might have. A brisk walk or two every day and some indoor playtime are enough to keep them fit, healthy, and happy.  

RELATED: New Puppy Owner Guide



The Pomeranian breed is a healthy, resilient little dog with very few common health problems. As with all dog breeds, there are a few health conditions that can appear during a Pom’s life. The most common health issues that these dogs are prone to are gum disease due to poor oral care, cataracts – generally in old age, luxating patella – which is most common after an injury, obesity, and tracheal collapse. In order to avoid any or all these afflictions, don’t overfeed or over-exercise your Pom, brush their teeth regularly, and try to avoid any type of rough play.   



The breed's lifespan is between 12 and 16 years. With proper care, a healthy amount of exercise, high-quality dog food, and plenty of love, their life expectancy can increase significantly. The oldest Pom to live reached 21 years and 8 months of age.  



Poms are very intelligent and highly trainable dogs. They are driven to learn and impress, have eager-to-please personalities, and crave the attention that comes with training. This dog responds best to gentle methods, calm voices, positive reinforcement, and treat rewards.  

RELATED: 10 Reasons Why Dogs Lose Interest In Training And How To Fix It

Pomeranians are known to be very friendly dogs. Socializing them as puppies should go smoothly as they crave human interaction and are naturally open to making new friends. Their adventurous nature will have them craving new places to explore and new situations to experience. They are also independent. They can be left alone for longer periods of time without the risk of them being destructive or yappy. Although separation anxiety is not common for these dogs, it is always recommended to train them young to become more independent.  


Pomeranian History

Throughout history, the Pomeranian also referred to as the Pom, the Pom Pom, or Loulou de Pomeranie, has traveled the world and has gathered an impressive number of admirers.  

What was then a sled-pulling dog in the Arctic is now one of America’s toy-sized sweetheart dogs. From a big working dog to a tiny, sweet, loving companion dog of royal families, the breed's journey is quite colorful. The smallest member of the ancient Spitz family, the Pom dog, who was not always as tiny and innocent-looking, is believed to be a descendent of a much bigger Spitz sled dog from the Arctic region. 

Centuries ago, the breed's ancestor, a tall, strong, working dog, made its way to the Pomerania region (now part of Northern Poland and eastern Germany) near the Baltic Sea where it was bred down to a smaller size and given a new name – Pomeranian (a name derived from an old Slavic expression “po more” – by the sea). 

From Pomerania, the clever, friendly, and affectionate dogs quickly spread out across Europe and into the hearts of royal families. Among the dog’s greatest admirers were Napoleon of France, King George IV, and Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria was so fond of the breed that she acquired a few small versions of the dogs and bred them down through generations. It is believed that during her reign, Queen Victoria managed to breed their size down by half, thus creating the tiny dogs so adored today. 

From there on, the charismatic dog would travel across seas, oceans, and lands, and would become one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. 

One of the most famous Pomeranians in the world was Pomeranian Boo. Small, white, and incredibly cute, Boo received the title of The World’s Cutest Dog, gathering over 16 million appreciations on social media.  

Thanks to their great popularity and the many wonderful qualities they possess, these toy dogs have long been selected to participate in the creation of new mixed/hybrid dog breeds. One of the most popular mixes is the Pomeranian-Husky who is also known as Pomsky. This designer breed mix is as gorgeous as it is wild. Some refer to this wolf-like dog as the Pomeranian with blue eyes. 

Other famous Pom mixes are: 

RELATED: Meet the Incredibly Cute Teacup Pomeranian

Frequently Asked Questions

How big does a Pomeranian get? The average height of this dog is between 6 to 7 inches and the average weight is between 3 to 7 lbs.

Are Pomeranians good with children? Pomeranians who are well socialized may be able to live or play with children, but supervision is recommended. Though they are sturdy little dogs they do not tolerate rough play and may nip if provoked.

Does the Pomeranian make a good watch dog? The Pomeranian is always on alert. They will notify their owner(s) by barking when someone approaches the home or if something is amiss.

How long does a Pomeranian live? The average life expectancy is between 12 to 16 years.

How often should my Pomeranian be groomed? This breed is prone to heavy shedding because of their double coat. Brushing multiple times per week and regular scheduled trips to the groomer every 4 to 8 weeks is necessary. Shaving is not recommended for the Pomeranian.

Are Pomeranian hypoallergenic? No. This breed may not be a good choice for anyone suffers with allergies.

What is a “throwback Pomeranian”? Though not common, Pomeranians that are born larger—closer to the size of their Spitz ancestors— and top 10 lbs. they're considered a “partial throwback”, and at over 14 lbs. they're referred to as a “throwback” Pomeranian.

What colors do the Pomeranians come in? Pomeranians can be born in twelve different colors, black, brown, chocolate, beaver, red, orange, cream, orange sable, wolf sable, blue, white or particolour.

How much exercise will my Pomeranian require? Though they are full of energy they don’t require a lot of activity in regards to exercise. Short walks with access to romp around outside in a fenced in area and some indoor play with toys is plenty to keep this one busy and healthy.

What breed classification does the Pomeranian fall under? Pomeranians are members of the toy group and are the smallest of the five sizes of German Spitz.

What is the temperament of a Pomeranian? This breed is bold, curious, playful, self-confident, and attentive. They are always up for an adventure or a stroll around the neighborhood. Though, generally social in nature they tend to be more reserved and shy toward strangers, some can be territorial toward other dogs, and some enjoy hearing themselves bark.

Do Pomeranians bark a lot? These little ones have a bad reputation when it comes to barking. They don’t generally just sit around and bark for nothing, however, they are always on high alert and let their owners know when something is out of place.

Where did the Pomeranian get its name Pomeranians were bred in a small region in the northeast called, Pomerania. The region’s name comes from the Slavic po more, or “land by the sea,” referring to its proximity to the Baltic Shore.

How popular is the Pomeranian? The Pom breed ranks 23 of 195 on the American Kennel Club (AKC) list of popular breeds.

What is the Pomeranian classified as with the United Kennel Club (UKC)? The Pomeranian is classified as a companion dog.

Do Pomeranians shed? This breed is known to shed a moderate amount.

How much does a Pomeranian weigh? A full-grown adult weighs between 3 and 7 pounds.