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About F1 Cavapoos

F1 Cavapoo Guide: Characteristics, Care, Costs & More
Published Friday, February 2, 2024 by Elena R.

Cavapoos are a versatile breed, and when I say versatile, I don’t just mean that they adapt well to any lifestyle or that they can learn pretty much anything. For Cavapoos, their versatility reaches beyond temperament and personality. They come in various sizes (toy and mini being the most popular), have a myriad of possible coat colors and textures, and they’re also bred through many generations like F1, F1b, F1bb, F2 and so on. Each of these generations comes with its own qualities. 

For today, we’ll take the F1 Cavapoo generation and learn everything there is to know about it. From what it means to be F1 to what F1 Cavapoos are all about. This first-generation Cavapoo is the most popular, so let’s find out why! 

What is an F1 Cavapoo? 

f1 Cavapoo

Premier Pups Customer Photo of an F1 Cavapoo

When you look at designer dogs or doodles, you’ll soon see that the F1 Cavapoo stands out with its unbelievable charm and popularity. The F1 Cavapoo or Cavoodle, is a stunning mix of a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred miniature or toy Poodle. This first-generation hybrid marks the beginning of the Cavapoo lineage, a designer breed that has quickly risen to fame.  

The origins of the F1 Cavapoo can be traced back to the late 20th century, a time when breeders aimed to create a dog with the Poodle's hypoallergenic coat and the gentle, affectionate nature of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. As the very first iteration of the Cavapoo, the F1 generation set the blueprint for what has become a beloved companion pet in many households across the world. 

In terms of genetics, the F1 Cavapoo is a 50/50 blend, inheriting 50% of its DNA from each parent. This precise mix is what gives the F1 Cavapoo its unique set of qualities.  

About Parent 1 – Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 

Cavalier King Charles spaniel - f1 cavapoo parent

Premier Pups Customer Photo of a beautiful Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a regal dog in every way, is one of the world’s most popular purebred breeds. Why? Their qualities are endless! Think of a dog that is beyond cute with the cuddliest and sweetest personality.  

When you look at the F1 Cavapoo, you’ll notice that it displays all that we adore about Cavaliers. This includes their renowned warm, affectionate nature, balanced temperament, and cuddly personality. The Cavalier’s laid-back, relaxed nature complements the energy and intelligence F1 Cavapoos get from their Poodle parent. This means, that F1 Cavapoos are both easy to train and eager to please. 

About Parent 2 – Mini or Toy Poodle

 poodle - f1 cavapoo parent

Premier Pups Customer Photo of a beautiful Poodle

Poodles are renowned for their smarts, having been ranked as the second most intelligent dog breed in the world for decades. A breed more versatile than Poodles is quite hard to find! These dogs are stars in Dogdom. You'll see them on podiums holding trophies at dog shows, catch a glimpse of them on red carpets near their celebrity parents, and find them at work hunting or finding truffles. Poodles are also one of the few dog breeds that are well-suited for allergy-sufferers thanks to their curly, low-shedding, hypoallergenic coats. 

All of these qualities and more are passed down to our star of the day – the F1 Cavapoo. Inheriting their keen intelligence, playfulness and hypoallergenic qualities from the Poodle side of the family, F1 Cavapoos are just impressive. 

Popularity of F1 Cavapoo Dogs 

The ever-rising popularity of the F1 Cavapoo is not without its reasons. This beautiful generation has the best of both worlds. The F1 Cavapoo’s manageable size, coupled with its engaging, adorable personality, makes it not only suitable for a wide range of living situations, but also a great companion pet for families, seniors, and quite honestly, everyone in between.  

As the pioneering generation of the Cavapoo breed, the F1 Cavapoos have set a high standard for what pet owners can and should expect in terms of companionship, intelligence, and overall suitability as family pets. Their rising popularity is a testament to their remarkable qualities that never cease to amaze.  

RELATED: 10 Reasons Why the Cavapoo is a Top Dog 

What Does an F1 Cavapoo Look Like? 

f1 cavapoo close up

Premier Pups Customer Photo of an F1 Cavapoo with wavy hair

If you’re trying to envision an F1 Cavapoo, imagine a cute bundle of joy that looks like a teddy bear with the added fluff. This designer dog exudes charm and charisma with its perfect blend of physical traits inherited from the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle parents. Each F1 Cavapoo dog has its unique set of characteristics, and they can vary widely even in puppies from the same litter.  

F1 Cavapoo Size 

F1 Cavapoos typically fall into the small to medium size range, with their weight ranging from 8 to 20 pounds and their height ranging from 9 to 14 inches depending on the size of the Poodle parent (F1 toy Cavapoo or F1 Mini Cavapoo). Their build is compact yet sturdy, which makes them the perfect size for cuddling up on the couch or taking on adventures in the great outdoors.  

RELATED: How Big Do Cavapoos Get? 

F1 Cavapoo Coat Type 

One of the most beautiful features of the F1 Cavapoo is its coat, which can range from the soft, straight fur of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to the curly, plush coat of the Poodle. This variety in coat type not only adds to the F1 Cavapoo's impossibly adorable appearance but also caters to families who have specific preferences for grooming or allergy concerns.  

General Features of F1 Cavapoos 

The F1 Cavapoo's face is irresistibly expressive, featuring bright, almond-shaped eyes that sparkle with intelligence, love, and curiosity. Their ears hang slightly, soft to the touch, framing a friendly, often smiling face. This breed's compact build is complemented by a tail that is kept curled upwards and wags enthusiastically. 

F1 Cavapoo Colors 

The coat of an F1 Cavapoo comes in a dazzling array of colors, including cream, fawn, chocolate, gold, black, and even patterns like tricolor or Blenheim (chestnut and white). This kaleidoscope of potential coat colors means that no two F1 Cavapoos are exactly alike, which only adds to the breed's unique charm. 

RELATED: Cutest Cavapoo Colors 

Are F1 Cavapoos Hypoallergenic? 

While no dog breed is 100% hypoallergenic, there are a few breeds like the Poodle that allergy-sufferers say don’t cause them an allergic reaction. F1 Cavapoos, being half Poodle are also a top pick when it comes to allergy-friendly dogs. They are chosen for their low-shedding coats, which can be ideal for families with allergies. The presence of Poodle’s genes increases the likelihood of a less allergenic coat (though individual reactions can vary). 

RELATED: Are Cavapoos Hypoallergenic? 

Do F1 Cavapoos Shed? 

Shedding in dogs is a big thing, especially when you think about keeping your couch, clothes, and home clear of fur. Luckily, there are breeds like the F1 Cavapoo that were created with the low-shedding characteristic of the Poodle in mind. Cavapoos shed very little if at all and this aspect makes them quite popular for owners that are looking for a dog but want to avoid the constant vacuuming that comes with fur-shedding. Grooming is a must, even for low-shedding breeds like the Cavapoo and it is something that must be done regularly. 

Temperament of F1 Cavapoos 

an f1 cavapoo near a cat

Premier Pups Customer Photo of an F1 Cavapoo and its best friend

As you’ve learned by now, the F1 Cavapoo is much more than just a pretty face. These amazing dogs boast a temperament that makes them one of the most desirable breeds for families, individuals, couples, and everyone in between. Known for their intelligence, friendliness, and adaptability, F1 Cavapoos have a well-rounded personality that easily fits into just about any lifestyles. 

RELATED: Learn Everything You Need to Know About the Cavapoo’s Temperament 

Intelligence and Training 

F1 Cavapoos inherit their renowned keen intelligence (or Einstein smarts) from both their Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle parents. This makes them exceptionally trainable! They are quick learners who respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, like petting, praise, delicious treats, and toys.  

F1 Cavapoos, both puppies and adults, thrive on mental stimulation and enjoy challenges, which can include learning new fun tricks, participating in competitions and dog sports, and interactive play. Their eagerness to please and cognitive capabilities make them suitable for first-time dog owners and experienced trainers alike. 

RELATED: Cavapoo Training Guide 


One of the most endearing qualities of F1 Cavapoos is their unwavering, often unmatched friendliness. They exhibit a sweet and affectionate demeanor towards their family members and are generally welcoming to strangers. This makes them poor candidates for guard dogs but excellent companions. The breed's sociable nature extends to children, with whom they often display patience, gentleness, and playfulness, aspects that further solidify their status as ideal family pets. 


Yet another reason we’re all so fond of F1 Cavapoos is their adaptability. Most dogs are either energetic or relaxed and fit only into one of those lifestyles. F1 Cavapoos thrive in a wide range of environments, from small city apartments to large homes in the suburbs. Their flexible nature means they can adjust to various living situations and lifestyles, provided they receive all the love, attention, and exercise they need. This adaptability also makes them excellent travel companions. 

Other Pets and F1 Cavapoos 

Thanks to their friendly, non-territorial and non-aggressive nature, F1 Cavapoos generally get along well with other pets. They can live harmoniously with dogs, cats, and other animals, especially when they are introduced properly and at a young age. Their playful yet gentle approach to new pets makes them a beautiful addition to multi-pet households. 

F1 Cavapoo Ideal Owners 

The ideal owner for an F1 Cavapoo is someone who values companionship and is committed to providing their fur baby with regular interactions, exercise, and mental stimulation. F1 Cavoodles fit best with individuals and families who can spend a significant amount of time at home or are willing to include their sweet Cavapoo in their daily activities. 

Energy Levels of F1 Cavapoos 

F1 Cavapoos have moderate energy levels. They require regular exercise to maintain their top-notch physical and mental health. They enjoy walks, play sessions both indoors and outdoors, and the opportunity to explore their surroundings. Being as cuddly as they are, these fur babies are also content to curl up beside their owners for a relaxing evening. Their energy levels make them versatile companions for both active and more sedentary lifestyles. 

What do F1 Cavapoos Like to Do? 

F1 Cavipoos find joy in activities that engage both their body and their brilliant mind. They love interactive games, outdoor adventures, and participating in agility or obedience training. They also appreciate calmer hobbies, such as cuddling their humans or helping their owners "supervise" household tasks. 

Caring for an F1 Cavapoo 

cuddly F1 cavapoo in the arms of its owner

Premier Pups Customer Photo of a sweet F1 Cavapoo fur baby

Caring for an F1 Cavapoo goes beyond providing love and companionship. It’s about grooming, managing health, and establishing daily routines that ensure a happy, healthy life for your little one.  

F1 Cavapoo Grooming 

F1 Cavadoodles have a luxurious coat that they inherit from both sides of their family. Though the coat may be straight, wavy, or curly, grooming it is a must, no matter it’s texture. 

The first thing to keep in mind when caring for you Cavapoo is brushing its coat. It is recommended to brush your Cavapoo’s coat at least a few times per week and go to the professional groomer for a more in detail grooming session every 6 to 8 weeks.  

Bathing is also something to consider. You should give your F1 Cavapoo a bath every 4 to six weeks and only use a dog-specific shampoo to protect the coat and skin of your pup. Regular dental care, including teeth brushing and the use of dental chews, along with routine nail trimming, are essential aspects of grooming that contribute to your F1 Cavapoo’s overall health. 

RELATED: Cavapoo Grooming Guide 

F1 Cavapoo Health 

The F1 Cavapoo is renowned for its robust health. First-generation Cavapoos, and first-generation hybrids in general, benefit from something called ‘hybrid vigor’. This term is used to describe the better health found in first-generation crossbreeds.  

However, like all breeds purebred or hybrids, F1 Cavipoos are predisposed to certain health issues.  Common health concerns include ear infections, due to their floppy ears, and genetic conditions such as hip dysplasia and heart issues inherited from their parent breeds.  

Taking your little F1 Cavapoos for regular vet checks, vaccinations, and taking preventive measures against parasites are fundamental to keeping them healthy. A balanced diet, tailored to their size, age, and energy levels, also supports optimal health and longevity. 

RELATED: How Often Should I Take My Dog to the Vet? 

Ideal Daily Routines for F1 Cavapoos 

Another ‘more important than it seems’ aspect of caring for your sweet Cavapoo is establishing a consistent daily routine and sticking to it. Routines are important for a lot of reasons, but the most important ones are providing your fur baby with a sense a security and well-being. This includes scheduled feeding times, regular exercise, and designated periods for play and relaxation. 

Socialization is also a key component of the F1 Cavapoo’s ideal daily routine. Exposing your little pup to different people, pets, and environments will help it grow into a well-adjusted, amazing, and confident dog.  

Comparing Cavapoo Generations 

two cavapoos

Premier Pups Customer Photo of two stunning Cavapoos

As the Cavapoo breed has beautifully risen in fame, so has the interest in understanding the differences between its various generations. Specifically, the F1, F1b, and F2 Cavapoos each offer unique traits that cater to different preferences and lifestyles.  

F1 Cavapoo vs. F1b Cavapoo 

The F1 Cavapoo, as we previously learned, is the first-generation offspring of a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred Miniature or Toy Poodle.  The "F1" stands for "first filial generation," indicating that the dog is 50% Cavalier and 50% Poodle

The F1b Cavapoo (where the "b" stands for "backcross") is 75% Poodle and 25% Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. This first-generation backcross is typically produced by crossing an F1 Cavapoo back to a purebred Poodle. The F1b Cavapoo is often sought after for its increased likelihood of being hypoallergenic and having a more Poodle-like, non-shedding coat. The F1b Cavapoo may also inherit more of the Poodle's intelligence and high energy levels, which makes it a tad more demanding in terms of mental and physical stimulation. 

RELATED: F1b Cavapoo Guide 

F1 Cavapoo vs. F2 Cavapoo 

Moving forward to the beautiful F2 Cavapoo, this generation results from breeding two F1 Cavapoos together. This second filial generation (F2) can have a more unpredictable mix of traits, with puppies in the same litter potentially showing a wider variance in coat types, sizes, and temperaments. The F2 Cavapoos maintain the 50/50 genetic contribution from the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Poodle, but with the added complexity of recombining these traits in new and interesting ways. 

The F2 generation can be appealing to those looking for the quintessential Cavapoo charm but with a unique twist, as these dogs will exhibit a broader range of characteristics from their grandparent breeds. However, potential owners should be prepared for the possibility of increased shedding compared to the F1 and F1b generations, as the coat type can lean more towards the Cavalier's straighter, shedding coat. 

RELATED: F2 Cavapoo Guide

F1 Cavapoo Puppy Prices 

f1 cavapoo puppy

Premier Pups Customer Photo of an adorable F1 Cavapoo puppy

If you’re considering adding an F1 Cavapoo puppy to your family, it's essential to understand the factors that influence the F1 puppy price. F1 Cavapoo puppies are a significant investment, not just financially but emotionally and time-wise too. Their cost can vary widely, often being influenced by factors like the breeder’s reputation, genetic testing, geographic location, parentage, and unique characteristics like coat color and pattern of each pup. 

The price range for F1 Cavapoo puppies can vary from approximately $1,500 to $4,000 or more. This range reflects the diverse factors at play, including those mentioned above. If you are a prospective owner, you should prepare for the upper end of this range when dealing with well-established breeders known for their ethical practices and high standards of care. 

Beyond the initial purchase price, you should also consider the ongoing costs associated with raising an F1 Cavapoo. These expenses include veterinary care, vaccinations, grooming, food, training, and pet insurance.  

RELATED: See Available Cavapoo Puppies for Sale 


adorable f1 cavapoo

Premier Pups Customer Photo of a charming F1 Cavapoo

As we’ve come to know the beautiful F1 Cavapoo in all of its stunning glory, we learn that this is more than just a dog. In an F1 Cavapoo, you’ll find your loyal friend, your cuddle buddy, your cutest adventure partner, and your source of joy.  

Scroll down to see FAQs about F1 Cavapoos!

Elena R.

About The Author

Elena is a leading expert in the field of dog behavior, care, and training, with over a decade of experience in writing about dogs. As a published writer and lifelong dog enthusiast, Elena currently shares her home with three beloved canine companions. She is dedicated to staying up to date on the latest advancements in dog care and training, ensuring that her articles provide readers with accurate and valuable insights. With her extensive knowledge and passion for all things canine, Elena's contributions to the Premier Pups community offer both expertise and authority on a wide range of dog-related topics.
Elena R. - Author Photo

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Frequently Asked Questions

What does F1 mean for Cavapoo? "F1" stands for "first filial generation" in the Cavapoo breeding process. It signifies that the Cavapoo is the direct offspring of a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred Miniature or Toy Poodle.

What are the health issues with F1 Cavapoos? F1 Cavapoos are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be predisposed to certain health issues inherited from their parent breeds. Common health concerns for F1 Cavapoos include ear infections, due to their floppy ears, as well as genetic conditions such as hip dysplasia and heart issues.

How much does an F1 Cavapoo cost? The cost of an F1 Cavapoo puppy can vary widely, generally ranging from approximately $1,500 to $4,000 or more. Factors influencing the price include the breeder's reputation, geographic location, the puppy's parentage, and unique characteristics like coat color and pattern. Reputable breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of their puppies may command higher prices.

How big does an F1 Cavapoo get? F1 Cavapoos typically fall into the small to medium size range, with their weight ranging between 8 to 20 pounds. Their exact size can depend on the size of the Poodle parent, whether Miniature or Toy, influencing the overall stature of the F1 Cavapoo.

How do I know if my Cavapoo is F1 or F2? To determine whether your Cavapoo is F1 or F2, consider the breeding history of your dog. An F1 Cavapoo is the first-generation offspring of a purebred Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a purebred Poodle, meaning it has a 50/50 mix of both breeds. An F2 Cavapoo results from breeding two F1 Cavapoos together, leading to a second-generation mix that can exhibit a wider range of inherited traits. Breeder records or DNA testing can provide definitive answers.

Do F1 Cavapoos shed? F1 Cavapoos are known for their minimal shedding, a trait inherited from the Poodle side of their lineage. While no dog is completely hypoallergenic, F1 Cavapoos are often suitable for families with mild allergies due to their low-shedding coats.